Rules/Ethics

  1. All submitted information must be verified, documented and dated.
  2. All suggestions or information submissions must be civil and focused on issues, not personalities.
  3. This site follows the fundamental rules of ethical journalism.

    To learn about ethical journalism see Society of Professional Journalists ethical guidelines.

  4. Local Gifts Fact Sheet

    The Local Gifts Fact Sheet is published by the California Fair Political Practices Commission to guide local candidates and officials in local government through often complex conflict-of-interest decisions. Local government, the very starting point of all government, can often only be administered by people who by geographic necessity must wear several different hats within a community and may have multiple alliances with family and professional colleagues. This is common in all local government, especially small towns. But navigating through such alliances carefully in order not to impart unfair advantage at the expense of public participation or funding is still of the highest priority and can be adjudicated in the courts when there are transgressions.

  5. ETHICS

    In the end, only the ethical survive.
    It is a fundamental truth about human interaction. The following material is from the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University.

    App:
    Ethical Decision Making

    Center_Ethical_Decision.png(Clicking on the line will take you to an online interactive app on Ethical Decision Making.)

    Videos:
    Five Ways to Think Ethically

    Am I Responsible?

    Article List:
    Basic Ethics:

    What is Ethics?

    Decision Making

    Making an Ethical Decision

    Tomando una decisi├│n ├ętica

    A Framework for Ethical Decision Making

    Thinking Ethically

    How to Identify an Ethical Issue

    Making Decisions About Right and Wrong

    The Utilitarian Approach

    Calculating Consequences

    How to Use the Utility Principle

    The Rights Approach

    Rights

    How to Use the Rights Test

    How to Use the Exceptions Test

    How to Use the Choices Test

    The Fairness Approach

    Justice and Fairness

    How to Use the Justice or Fairness Test

    The Common Good Approach

    Common good

    How to Use the Common Good Test

    The Virtue Approach

    Ethics and Virtue

    How to Use the Virtue and Character Test

    General

    Can Ethics be Taught

    Conscience and Authority

    Consistency and Integrity

    Ethical Relativism

    Living Everyday Ethics

    Who Counts?

    Government Ethics

    Articles, cases, and links on creating a culture of ethics and values in government from the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University. The Center offers a national program in local government ethics that brings public officials together with Center staff and scholars to analyze real-world ethical issues in public service and to develop innovative tools and programs to address them.

    Online Resources in Government Ethics

    What is Government Ethics? (video)
    The importance of creating public trust

    Introduction to Government Ethics
    Basic information for officeholders and citizens

    Unavoidable Dilemmas for Public Officials
    Challenge for public officials in the areas of fairness, transparency, conflicts of interest, etc.

    Government Ethics Articles
    Materials on conflict of interest, budgeting, campaigning, etc.

    Government Ethics Links

    Annotated list of Internet resources

    GOVERNMENT Professional Ethics

    Avoiding Ethical Pitfalls in Government Service
    Questions that public officials should ask before making a decision, Joe Simitian and Judy Nadler

    Do's and Don't's for City Managers and City Councilmembers
    Advice for new city officials from an advisor to the International City/County Management Association, Frank Benest

    Personal Lives of Public Officials
    Ethical issues at the boundary between a politician's personal and public behavior, Judy Nadler and Miriam Schulman

    Civility
    An introduction to the ethical issues for public officials., Judy Nadler and Miriam Schulman

    Relationships Between Elected Officials and Staff
    An introduction to the ethical issues that arise between city or county staff and councilmembers or supervisors., Judy Nadler and Miriam Schulman

    Favoritism, Cronyism, and Nepotism
    An introduction to the ethical issues presented by favoritism in government., Judy Nadler and Miriam Schulman

    Conflicts of Interest in Government
    An introduction to the ethical dilemmas posed by conflicts of interest in the public sphere., Judy Nadler and Miriam Schulman

    Lobbying Ethics
    An introduction to the ethical considerations in lobbying the government, Judy Nadler and Miriam Schulman

    Environmental Ethics

    The Ethics of Sustainability
    Reflection on why we should care about the environment, Allie Sibole

    Thinking Ethically About the Environment
    An introduction to a short course in environmental ethics, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Environmental Ethics and Agriculture
    Ethical issues raised by the cultivation of crops, especially regarding water and pesticide use, Javen Kizzart and Sulaiman Shelton

    Ethics and the Wild
    Reflections on Jack London's "Call of the Wild," and what it has to teach us about the environment, David DeCosse and Emily Hawley

    Distinctiveness of environmental ethics
    Lesson 2 in the environmental ethics short course shows the connection between environmental ethics and personal or social ethics, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Using ethical principles in moral reasoning about the environment
    Lesson 3 in the environmental short course reviews justice and sustainability; sufficiency and compassion; solidarity and participation, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Ethical Dimension of Sustainability
    Lesson 4 in the environmental ethics short course offers a definition of sustainability and its relationship to justice, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Environmental Justice
    Lesson 5 in the environmental ethics short course explores the impact of environmental degradation on low income communities and the right to a clean environment, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Environmental Virtue Ethics
    Lesson 6 in the environmental ethics short course describes the classic virtues in light on the environmental crisis and describes how to cultivate new environmental virtues, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Precaution and the responsibility principle
    Lesson 8 in the environmental ethics short course examines the idea that decision-making in relation to potentially catastrophic environmental risks demands a special precautionary approach, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Climate ethics
    Lesson 9 in the environmental ethics short course confronts climate disruption, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Eating and agricultural ethics
    Lesson 11 in the environmental ethics short course explores food in an ethical context., Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    An environmental ethics decision-making guide
    Lesson 12 in the environmental ethics short course introduces an ethical decision making model, Keith Douglass Warner OFM, with David DeCosse

    Common Grounds, Common Waters: Toward a Water Ethic
    Proceedings from a conference held in March 2008 at Santa Clara University